The customs of Qazvin's people
Yalda night (Chelle)
The customs of Ramezan in Qazvin's people culture
Providing Ramezan necessities -
-Detection of Sahar time
Qazvin's people like the other Iranian, spending this old custom by going to the house of elders. The elders believe that eating the fresh and dry fruits and ruddy fruits which are known to << Shab Chare>> , with other edibles have good omen and promise an abundance winter. When grandmothers delay on bringing the junk foods, the youngers say; " if someone don't bring Shabchareh-the mouse chews her cellar", in this way the grandmother hastes on bringing the "Shabchare". In this night some people by eating Sabzi polo and fish and then watermelon, pomegranate, different snacks including raisins, walnut, seed, nuts and dry figs join their soiree to the first day of winter. Qazvin's frandmother believe that if in this night Nane Sarma Cries ,it's raining, if quilt's cottons brings out,it's snowy and if pearl necklace rupture, it's hail. The other custom of " Yalda night" is sending ''Khonche chelle" from bride to groom as a winter present. In Khonche, there are cloths, jewelary, sugarloaf and 7 types of fruit including pears, watermelon, melon and apple that are sent to groom by special decorations.
People of "Tarom" at the end of September or early of October in a special day, go to pomegranate farms by together and pick pomegranate by playing Dayere, Sorna and Dohol. Before this day No one can pick pomegranate.
"Alamut" is an area that is specialized for hazelnut cultivation. In many villages of the area, hazelnut festival is set in early August. The villagers go to farms in a special day. First of all a person sing a poem and others repeat them. Then they begin to pick the hazelnuts. The maidens who have been nominated, make hazelnut necklace for their husbands and that is called " Golvane". They presented this gift to their husbands in winter.
This festival is Tiregan festival of ancient Iran that is set on 4th July. So a Auspicious person, early in the morning invites in house to hit the bag of wheat, flour and pulses by a piece of wood from "Daq Daqan" tree in order to give blessing to them. He/she also hits the family members to be healthy. No one should speak when the festival is holding. At the night of 4th July, Shalandazi custom will be held. They believe in this day splashing water to each other is good omen.
Qazvin's people like the other people of Iran are prepared to hold new year festival since March. They clean their house and by setting the colorful tables welcome to the guests. They put colorful dishes, different domestic sweets, figs, wet cherry, pea, raisins and nuts on the table and give coloring eggs to guests. Today the meeting custom begins 1st day of new year and it ends before 13th day.
Noroozi khani is one of the customs that is related to last days of a year and it is a welcome to Norooz.
The singers of Noroozi Khani are more from " Alamoot" and "Taleqan" area. They walk in alleys and streets in 2-4 groups and by singing the short and long poems give tidings the new year to people and two other persons reply. Home residents by hearing the voice of Norooz khanha, welcome to them by giving money and sweet.
On 13th day of Farvardin, people go to picnic and gather by together and are happy. A custom is that every one go to the side of river and throw 7 small stones to water in order to remove and dispose the disaster and sick and the maidens nod the grass. At the end throw the grass into water and come back to their home.
The traditional custom of Panjah bedar is similar to Sizdah bedar, of course it isn’t as known as Sizdah bedar. But it's set yet among Qazvin's people. In this day that is 50th day of new year they go out in order to thanksgiving God because of blessings.
They go to city's Mosalla and pray on 19th day of Ordibehesht, then go to the nature and spend some hours by together. So Panjah bedar is a religious-ritual custom.
The most of Qazvin people make a simple food that is called Doimaj and it's gredients are dried bread, vegetables, walnut, fried onion and cucumber. In addition, Qazvin people eat watermelon, nuts and fruits in this day and most of them eat Ash reshteh in the afternoon.
In this event, groom's mother and some of the women meet with the girl. If they like her , the groom will attend on the next meeting. If the groom likes the girl, his mother will give a present to the girl's family that is called Neshane.
Chamche khatoon is the other custom for asking rain. In this event pour the water into a bowl and go to the roof and by a scoop splash the water toward the sky little by little.
The customs of Ramezan in Qazvin's people culture
Ramezan word derived from ''Ramaz" , means The intensity of solar radiation on the gravel. Ramezan month, is 9th month of Qamari month and is the best. It was said in the calling time of Arab months, this month was at the time of winter heat, but on the other side, "Ramezan" is a divine name. this month is a month of revelation of Quran and God's month and Qadr nights are in this months. In this month the doors of heaven and sky will be opened and the doors of hell will be closed. The praying in the nights of this month is equal to a thousand months of praying.
The custom of Ramezan is an important issue on people's culture. In everywhere in the world that there is a muslim, Ramezan month is on native culture and it doesn’t just assume a religious ceremony.
Fasting combined with the culture and traditions of every society has a special form. Fasting in certain days of a year as a religious doctorines is a tradition that is visible on heaven religious and even on ancient Iran throughout the history. There are some works that people do in order to welcome Ramezan including;
Before this month, People clean the house and welcome to the month of Quran. In addition to cleaning the house they clean the mosques and Imamzades to prepare for holding the different ceremonies.
Providing Ramezan necessities
In the past time, providing Ramezan necessities has been done seriously, because in this month the work is stopped and the people pray more than every work and it's necessary to provide their necessities before this month until they can participate in the special ceremonies of this month.
Detection of Sahar time
One of the Qazvin's people custom is "Moon Sighting" at the last evening of Sha'ban and at the same time with the first night of Ramezan which sighting crescent promises the beginning of Ramezan month.
From old times, the different instruments were used in order to wake up people in Sahar , detecting the time of Sahar exactly and doing the special actions. Today some of these manners are current and others have been obsolete. Including the detection of stars, their place in the sky, the roar of rooster, lighten the lights on the height points of city and mosques finial, cry on alleys, slamming the neighbor's wall, the sound of drums and metal containers and etc. were the old manners and today people wake up by telephone calling, alarm calling, radio and TV.
In the old times, one day before Ramezan, Kolukhandazan ceremony were done on some cities of Iran that was known to "Gol khandani" . in this day, the people of every city or village went to walkway around the city or village with different kinds of foods and by sitting together, say story, narration and play and finished the day by happiness. In this ceremony people prepared their soul and body in this way because in addition to amusement and happiness that cause the enhancement of morale, the foods that they eat in this day was energetic.
One of the ceremonies that was very common in the past time and today more or less runs, is meeting the friends after Eftar.
In this ceremony, relatives and friends sitting together and by eating Shabchare, reading the poetries of Saadi or Hafez Divan , narration and playing the game pay to soiree. For example, on Taleqan's Lohran village, the landlord catering the guests by Snacks and entertain them by a game like Gol Ya Pooch and in the winter, they are sitting together around Korsi and enjoy of the conditioning heat.
Qazvin's people on Qadr nights are prayed by holding special rituals including participation on spiritual assemblies, Faraj, Jushan Kabir and Saqir, Abuhamzesomali, Jameye kabire Duas , praying and attendance on mosques. Reading Ankabut, Rom, dakhan chapter of Qur'an are part of the religious believes of Qazvin's people that are done on these nights.
One of the traditions that is visible on some parts of the city is holding the celebration on 27th Ramezan and murder night of Ibn Moljam Moradi.
Halim, Shole zard, Ash doogh, Ash reshte, Shir berenj, Qorme sabzi, Ferni, Ranginak are the food that Qazvin's women cook for Eftar and Sahari. Nan chyi, Qaq, Shirmal, Doimaj are also the other foods that are eaten on Qazvin.
The something that canbe resulted from these customs and they are social functions of Ramezan including:
*Regularity to People manners
*Enhancement the cooperation manner and creating unifying fields
*The elimination of tiff among people by reconciliation that is done by old people and strengthen social union.